What types of TV mounts are there and which one is right for you

All modern TVs are equipped with legs for installation on a flat surface, but in fact they are not always convenient to use. The legs greatly increase the dimensions of the TV; you will have to pick up a massive cabinet or table for it. Therefore, brackets for mounting a TV on a wall or ceiling have become very popular. There are many types of brackets available today, not everyone will suit your TV specifically. Before buying a bracket, you should take into account some parameters of the TV, as well as decide on the place and method of its installation.

Bracket options depending on the TV
You need three parameters for your TV: weight, diagonal in inches and VESA mount size. The weight and diagonal are indicated in the instruction manual, the size of the mount is also, but you can determine it yourself by measuring the distance between the mounting holes on the back of the TV.

List of VESA Mount Size Standards
The list of bracket mount size standards must be the one used on your TV. Most of the brackets are universal and can be used with different mounting sizes.

If the VESA standard of your TV is not the maximum in the list of bracket sizes, make sure that the mounts will not protrude from the edges of the TV and that nothing will interfere with them on the back cover. On some TVs, the back cover is not smooth, but has protrusions (often along the bottom edge where the speakers are located). If the bracket is too tight, these tabs will prevent it from being secured in place.

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Maximum load The
weight of the TV must be less than the maximum load of the bracket. It is highly desirable to leave a stock of 10-30% by weight, and the stock should be the more, the cheaper and flimsy-looking bracket. For tilt-swivel brackets with a bar, it is advisable to leave a margin even more – 20–50%. In the absence of a load margin, the bracket may bend or tilt to the side, skewing the TV.

Maximum and minimum screen diagonal
It is desirable that the diagonal of your TV is between these parameters. Each of the VESA sizes is recommended for a certain range of TV diagonals, based on which the maximum and minimum values ​​of this parameter are determined.

However, these recommendations are not strictly followed by manufacturers. For example, there are TVs with a diagonal of 43 “and larger with a MIS-D 100 (100×100) mount. In this case, you can use a bracket with a smaller maximum diagonal.

The TV mount size must be in the bracket standards list, the weight of the TV must be less than the maximum load of the bracket. These requirements are mandatory.

Bracket attachment
To the wall is the most popular mounting method, which allows the TV to harmoniously fit into any interior. In living quarters, it is most comfortable.

Ceiling mount is commonly used in public spaces – in a room with a high ceiling, the TV fixed in this way is visible from any point.

Sometimes used in private houses and studio apartments: the ability to rotate the TV 360 ° allows you to use bold interior solutions. For example, a TV suspended from the ceiling in the center of a studio apartment can be oriented in any direction and viewed from any corner – both from the kitchen area and from the bedroom.

The need to permanently fix the TV on a stand or on a table usually also arises in public areas. At home, it’s easier to use the standard stand. On the other hand, a table mount bracket is sometimes used when using a TV as a monitor.

Adjustment method
The fixed bracket fixes the TV rigidly in one position. The absence of hinges increases the strength of the structure – the weight reserve of such brackets can be minimal. They are inexpensive, differ in small thickness – there are models with a distance from the wall of only 15 mm, so the TV will adhere to the wall as tightly as possible.

The fixed bracket will be suitable for installation in front of an armchair or sofa, provided that you always watch TV from it. For viewing from a bed, such a bracket will not work – when installed at a height of 1-1.5 m, it will be inconvenient to watch TV, and when installed under the ceiling, the absence of tilt will also create discomfort.

In addition, the minimum thickness is not always appropriate – the protruding elements of the back cover and cable connectors may abut against the wall. And the fixed bracket also requires precise leveling, since it will not be possible to adjust the skew after installation.

Some models have a built-in level for easy installation.

The tilt arm allows the TV to tilt up and down within a certain range, so it can be mounted above eye level. It is almost as strong as a fixed one, inexpensive and quite compact – you can find models from 18 mm thick. Ideal for hanging the TV in front of the bed.

When choosing a tilt mount, make sure that the structure provides a rigid fixation of the tilt angle. It is better if the fixation is made at two points. Fasteners whose inclination is fixed with one screw or nut are prone to distortion.

Most models do not have skew adjustment, so the installation is made according to the level. Slim models may have problems with the tabs of the TV cover against the wall and the placement of the cable connectors.

The swivel arm allows the TV to be swiveled horizontally without changing the tilt. If the TV hangs low and you do not need tilt, this option may be optimal – the absence of a tilt hinge simplifies the design, increasing reliability and reducing the risk of backlash.

The tilt-swivel bracket allows you to adjust both tilt and swivel in the horizontal plane. Many also allow you to move the TV away from the wall. Such a mount is appropriate if the room does not have a constant TV viewing point, or if for some reason it cannot be fixed on the wall opposite the viewing point perpendicularly. Also, most pan-tilt brackets have a tilt adjustment – it is not necessary to fix it strictly according to the level, the position of the TV can be leveled after installation.

The bracket allows you to orient the TV in any direction, but this advantage gives rise to a number of disadvantages:

a larger margin for the maximum load is needed to avoid tilts and distortions caused by overweight;
the minimum distance to the wall of some models is quite large, it can reach 20 cm – the TV will protrude strongly;
many models do not have a reliable fixation of the skew adjustment, which leads to spontaneous skewing of the TV;
the price for such models is significantly higher than for fixed and inclined ones.
Pay attention to the design of the hinge
The most reliable hinges are those whose axis is fixed at two points – above and below. Single-mount hinges are more prone to sagging due to the weight of the TV.

Ball joints are easy to adjust, but often do not fit well. Make sure the latch is free of play and slippage.

A hinge with two or more knees allows you to move the TV to the right and left parallel to the wall, a hinge with one knee – only in an arc.

But as the number of knees increases, the danger of backlash and sagging increases.

Pay attention to the area for attaching the bracket to the wall. The heavier the TV, the longer the rod and the weaker the wall material, the larger the platform should be and the more holes it should have for mounting.

Two holes are sufficient to anchor the platform to the concrete.
Attach to a brick wall at least at three points spaced both horizontally and vertically.
To gypsum concrete, thick plywood and wood – depending on the weight of the TV and the length of the rod – at 4–8 points spaced at least 5 cm apart.
It is not recommended to mount the TV to thin plywood and drywall without mortgages.
Adjustment ranges
Maximum distance from wall / ceiling
This parameter shows how far the TV can be moved away from the wall or ceiling.

This parameter is especially important for fixed and inclined wall models. Measure how much space all objects take up between the wall and the VESA pad on the TV: sockets, connectors, coiled wires, protrusions on the back cover. The resulting dimension should be less than the maximum distance to the wall.

For ceiling mounted models, make sure the distance to the ceiling allows you to place the TV. Not all TVs have the VESA platform in the center – it can be shifted downwards, and quite strongly. In this case, the length of the rod may not be enough and it will not be possible to fix the bracket, even if the diagonal of the TV is acceptable in terms of parameters.

Minimum wall / ceiling distance
Pay attention to this setting if you want to position the TV as close to a wall or ceiling as possible.

Tilt angle down
The higher the TV is positioned and the closer you are to it, the greater the value of this parameter. Assume that from the viewing position, the line of sight should be perpendicular to the plane of the screen.

Tilt upward The
TV is rarely installed below eye level, so a permanent upward tilt installation is usually not required. But with this parameter, you can compensate for the sag of the boom. Therefore, it is better if the ability to adjust the angle of inclination upwards is at least in a small range – up to 5 ° is usually sufficient.

Angle of rotation of the counterpart
The parameter shows how much the bracket allows you to rotate the TV in the horizontal plane relative to the point of attachment to the wall / ceiling. Select this parameter based on the location of the viewing points in the room. Note that for wall brackets with booms, the swing angle is given for the boom that is fully extended. That is, if in the parameters the maximum distance to the wall is 50 cm and the angle of rotation is 90 °, with a smaller distance from the wall the angle of rotation will also be smaller. How much depends on the design. In some models, with the maximum folded bar, the angle of rotation is 10-15 °, in some it is generally equal to 0.

Please note that all angles do not include TV dimensions. So, if the length of the rod is less than half the width of the TV, it will be impossible to achieve a rotation angle of 180 °, even if this is exactly the angle specified in the parameters.

Selection Tips
To firmly mount the TV at eye level, choose from the fixed brackets. They are inexpensive, but reliable and take up a minimum of space.

The tilt brackets are useful when you need to mount the TV above eye level – for example, in front of a bed.

Choose from pan-tilt brackets to be able to adjust the TV position at any time for viewing from anywhere in the room .

 

Ceiling brackets allow 360 ° rotation of the TV.

If you want to use the TV as a monitor, the capabilities of the standard stand will not be enough – you will need a bracket that can be attached to a table or on a stand .