What awaits us in 2021

2021 opens the third decade of the 21st century, promising us new data transfer technologies, the development of AI, total automation, the widespread use of VR, AR, the exploration of Mars and other wonders of science. The development of electronic technology is accelerating every year – in 2020, more than 3,600,000 inventions were patented. The amount of data stored has increased to 59 Zettabytes over the past year.

Development and reduction in price of folding gadgets with flexible displays
In 2021, almost all manufacturers of mobile gadgets will have new items.

LG will release a Rollable rollable smartphone with Snapdragon 888 chip in the first quarter. The phone stretches from 6.8 to 7.4 inches. The main advantage is no screen bends. With similar characteristics, the two-screen “sandwich” from OPPO will enter the market.

Another novelty from LG is a tablet with a 36% translucent 13.3-inch LCD display. For TV fans, the manufacturer will delight the 4K Signature OLED R screen, which rolls up into a roll, like the lips of buyers. The price of the device is $ 87,000.

Despite the exorbitant cost of some gadgets, there is a general trend towards cheaper electronics with flexible displays. The second version of the Nubia Watch has fallen in price three times: the alpha version in February 2019 was sold for $ 760, the new model costs $ 225. Nubia Watch 2 – 4-inch AMOLED screen, heart rate sensors, compass, GPS, eSIM, NFS, Bluetooth 5.0, Wi-Fi and 420 mAh battery.

Samsung Galaxy Z Fold 2 – a clamshell with an 8-inch screen from the Korean manufacturer received an auxiliary 4-inch screen on the outside and lost the usual front cameras. All images are taken by a multi-module lens. Who knows, maybe Samsung is setting a new trend towards rejecting two-sided cameras.

7.6 “Samsung Galaxy Z Fold2 256GB Black Smartphone
The smartphone manufacturer offers several options for further development of the technology. In Galaxy Z Fold, the screen is divided into three sections, the central area is equal to two side ones, as a result the phone looks like a classic dressing table. In another variation, the Z-shaped design allows the two screens to be rotated 180 degrees outward.

Xiaomi will release a phone with a double screen, and only one will unfold horizontally, stretching out of the body. With a smooth movement of the hand, the smartphone turns into a tablet without a front camera. The Xiaomi Mi Max Alpha will be equipped with a roll-up Amoled display from Visionox, curling radius of 7 mm, diagonal of 10 inches.

Intel is keeping up with the leading players in the market with its 17-inch flexible tablet, tentatively called the Horseshoe Bend.

Other trends: devices with a large number of cameras are being replaced by multi-screen gadgets. The stylus will appear from several manufacturers at once and is likely to become a must-have for future generations of mobile devices. Smartphones will be thicker, heavier, and have to be recharged more often – screens consume 6mW per square centimeter, but battery recharge times will be shortened by chargers over 30W. Prices drop: in 2021 there is no difference – flexible or rigid screen, Apple or Nubia – manufacturers offer roughly the same price for their devices.

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5G networks
While some are trying on foil beanies and buying Faraday cages for their Wi-Fi, others are waiting for the launch of 5G networks and the incredible digital gifts they will bring. 5G speeds are 945% faster than the previous generation.

The Internet of Things (IoT) – the so-called “intelligence of things” – will get a second wind with the introduction of 5G. All items of the “smart” home are combined into a single ecosystem, controlled by artificial intelligence. A higher data transfer rate will help to instantly respond to requests, better handle input data.

IoB (Internet of Behaviors) – Internet behavior. Phones have already collected our fingerprints, copied the retinal image, scanned the face, browsers saved the search history, social networks learned habits, dreams, interests. Having created a virtual dossier for each, machine algorithms will begin to identify behavioral preferences at a specific time. For example, Spotify has been offering music to suit the mood for several years now. In the coming year, IoB will get a logical development: cars will select music to match the driving style, calculate the route in accordance with habits and current promotions, report discounts if the driver stops near the outlet.

The factories will switch to industrial rails of the 4th generation, providing collaboration bots and unmanned aerial vehicles with work for 24 hours. Total automation and autonomy in all production areas – robots not only produce, but also control the release of products from the receipt of raw materials to final polishing. 5G’s role in this process boils down to faster data transfers and minimizing positioning errors.

The operation of stores without sellers is already being tested quite successfully: in Russia it is done by Azbuka Vkusa, in the USA – by Amazon. While there are some difficulties at this stage, they are social rather than technical. Business automation or order fulfillment is a rapidly developing area, in which startups have not yet set the teeth on edge among investors. Services for automating the assembly, packaging, and delivery of goods by air and ground drones are especially relevant.

ARCore technology , presented by Google, will help create more realistic AR animal models, complementing our reality with predatory animals and dinosaurs. Virtual and augmented reality will burst into our world not only through smartphones, several brands have presented their glasses at once – Vuzix, Vue, Epson, ODG, Intel, Garmin, Magic Leap.

A new experience to have with a virtual partner . Microsoft, Amazon, Spays X and other companies have already successfully tested the technology with engineers. The virtual guide will show you how to raft, climb a mountain or pedal correctly. The digital twin is present not only in the form of a voice or image, it shows with his own hands the sequence of actions or the correct maneuver.

Virtual golf already exists and can be “felt”, they say, the impression is almost the same as in reality. The virtual world exists not only for entertainment or work, new technologies are designed to treat post-traumatic stress disorder, drug addiction, phobias.

According to the document 5G Implementation Guidelines: SA Option 2, in 2021 mobile operators are going to set up networks “… in accordance with user applications”, which will speed up the work of MR, AR, VR and allow viewing 8K content without friezes, launching realistic holograms.

In connection with the pandemic, the relevance of distance education and telemedicine has increased, both directions to receive new resources for the implementation of large-scale projects – conferences with the participation of hundreds and thousands of users, more advanced applications for tracking health status and instant transfer of data from sensors, high-resolution IR images to a doctor …

Digital twins is a digital business model that combines IT, services, and data on customer actions. An economic model is built on the basis of BigData and customer needs, reasons for dissatisfaction, and ways to increase sales are identified. Now this concept is used in industry, automotive, nuclear energy. The next stage is the digital factory.

Mesh technology
With the growth in the amount of data and the speed of their transfer, the threat of hacking, copying and illegal use of information increases. In 2020, banks were attacked three times more often than in 2019, and attempts to hack cloud network storages increased six times. Mesh network technology (WMIN) can be used as a shield against hackers.

Several local access points – smartphone, laptop, tablet, IP camera – are combined into a single network. Each cell can exchange information with any neighboring one, but cannot share data simultaneously with the entire network. The network does not have a central node that can be attacked; it is capable of self-healing, replenishing the lost data in individual cells.

Another feature of WMIN is self-organization, data streams are sent along the shortest path. The more cells there are, the more reliable the network becomes. The artistic implementation of this idea was shown in the “Silicon Valley” TV series called “The New Internet” – every device on the network, from a smartphone to a refrigerator, was a mini-server and exchanged data. All this would be impossible without 5G networks, which allow exchanging data packets at high speed.

Social networks. Trends
The highlight of 2020 was the explosive growth of Zoom, which grew from 10 million to 300 million users in the first quarter. Next year, competition is expected between Zoom, TrueConf, Skype, VideoMost, Cisco WebEx and other services.

Tik-Tok is no longer a teenage network: 67% of accounts belong to users over 25. In 2021, Lakee will compete with the popular network – children’s “Tik-Tok”, VKontakte, which launched “Clips” and Instagram with the new Reels feature – short 15-second videos.

In all social networks, there is a trend towards the use of VR technologies when recording and broadcasting video. The demand for authenticity will increase – content that shows real emotions, postures, not staged life. Storytelling – a series of posts related to each other by a single logic will undergo changes: it is no longer fashionable to set one filter, shoot several clips in that setting. At the beginning of the new decade, a dynamic change of clothing, images, background, color contrast will be required.

Helicopter on Mars

In 2021, a helicopter drone and “atomic” Mars rover “Perseverance” – in translation “persistence” should land on Mars near the crater Jezero. The rover for other planets weighs 1025 kg and famously picks up stones with a “hand” 2.1 meters long. The estimated date of joining is February 18, 2021. At the same time, several more guests from Earth will visit the red planet.

The Chinese also have their own “Questions to the Sky”, translated into Chinese “Tianwen” – an interplanetary space station, carrying one orbital probe, a rover and a lander. The United Arab Emirates also joined the US-China race, launching its Hope probe, deciding that Mars is not so different from the UAE landscape: red sands, steep mountains and craters. It remains to be hoped that the messengers from Earth will find a common language and will not interfere with each other to explore this mysterious world.

And ordinary people can only wait for the onset of 2021 and watch technological discoveries, breakthroughs, failures and sensations. Indeed, the direction of our future life depends on these events – both for humanity globally, and for each person in particular. Holiday greetings!