TOP water treatment systems for a private and country house from a well

To buy a water treatment system for a country house without errors, check the initial concentration of harmful impurities. For the correct preparation of the project, they draw up a connection diagram, take into account installation and maintenance during operation. An integrated approach will help to minimize the associated costs while ensuring a given level of fluid handling quality.

The main harmful impurities in water from any well
In a private house, the owner independently solves water treatment issues. To determine the requirements for a specialized set of equipment, laboratory analysis of samples from the well is done. The great depth of the sources of this category implies the minimum content of industrial pollution and organic matter. But the contact of the liquid with rocks significantly increases the concentration of ferrous iron, calcium and magnesium salts.

Dirty water from the well

The listed impurities are dissolved in their original state, so they cannot be retained by a conventional mechanical filter. Water purification from the well is carried out using special technologies of deferrization and softening. These processing steps extend the life of the home appliance and reduce the cost of keeping your home clean.

The best water treatment systems for a private and country house
Water treatment schemes for domestic purposes are based on a standard action plan. At the first stage, rock fragments and other large abrasive particles are removed. After this treatment, the liquid can be used to wash the car and water the plants. Further, softening and deferrization are applied. These technologies protect the heating boiler and other equipment connected to the pipeline from damage, rapid wear, and clogging. At the final stage, drinking water is prepared.

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Ion exchange
A water treatment plant of this category extracts ions of hardness salts (other impurities) from the liquid stream using a layer of specialized loading. The price of a system depends on several factors.

Ion exchange water filter

When preparing a project, the following parameters will be studied:

· Concentration and composition of impurities;

· Requirements for automation, continuity of water supply;

· The possibility of placing a large set of equipment in a particular property.

Pre-treatment removes abrasive particles and other impurities from the liquid that can damage the ion-exchange granules. If the hardness level does not exceed 12 mEq, one softening stage is used. Otherwise, install an additional tank with a working backfill.

To exclude the working performance of flushing (regeneration), control electronics with solenoid valves and a flow meter are added to the kit. In order not to interrupt the supply of consumers in the process of restoring the load, two identical technological lines are installed in parallel.

If there is not enough free space, buy an analogue in a compact design – a “cabinet” installation. Such models are 2-3 times more expensive than a set of separate blocks.

With a hardness of up to 4 meq / liter and relatively low performance requirements, you can use a smaller amount of ion-exchange materials, which are poured into a specialized cartridge. The housings are available in standard sizes to ensure compatibility with typical line filter housings.

Cartridge filter from 3 flasks

Main technical filter AQUA PRO 417
670 *
Main technical filter Geyser 1P
710 *
Main technical filter Geyser 1P 3/4 ”
899 *
These models do not provide automation. After saturation of the load, the cartridge is removed for washing and regeneration with a solution of sodium chloride. Serial products are designed for 5-6 recovery operations, after which the manufacturers recommend replacing. In large stationary softening plants, the pellet feed retains a good functional state for up to 8-10 years in continuous operation.

Appliances in this category are designed to solve scale problems without unnecessary complications and high costs. They block the formation of calcium deposits, prevent plaque from fixing on the walls. Modern models with a minimum power consumption (20 W) form a protective zone at a distance of up to 2 kilometers from the coil winding place. With the use of a wide frequency range (1-50 kHz), the effectiveness of the influence is ensured even with a high concentration of calcium and magnesium salts – up to 21 ° F.

Electromagnetic (non-chemical) filter

To connect this technique, you do not need the special knowledge and skills of a plumber. The coil is wound with a wire on any straight section of the line. After plugging into a standard 220V power supply, the device automatically sets the optimal operating mode.

During operation it is not required:

· Close supervision;

· Replacement of cartridges;

· Adjustment;

· Performance of regeneration operations.

The electromagnetic transducer does not retain impurities, therefore, other solutions are used for water purification.

Hollow fiber
To separate fine suspensions, bacteria, salt crystals and other particles with a size of 0.01 microns or more, special hollow fibers are used. They are bundled to increase productivity and work area. Such cartridges are installed in a metal case with branch pipes for connection to the water supply and drainage lines.

Half-fiber water treatment system

Purified water flows through microscopic holes in the fiber walls. Contaminants accumulated in the cavities are removed periodically by simple rinsing without the addition of special reagents. Efficient systems in this category are capable of handling 1000 liters of fluid per hour.

Reverse bridging
Special semi-permeable membranes are installed in typical reverse osmosis plants. Filtration ratings are suitable for the preparation of drinking water. Such equipment does not allow viruses and other tiny impurities larger than water molecules to pass through. The main disadvantage of systems in this category is low performance. At a processing speed of 8-9 liters per hour, the possibility of protecting the dishwasher, boiler, and other household appliances is excluded.

Reverse osmosis system. Ideal for both an apartment and a country house

In-line drinking filter New Water EU300
3 350 *
Flowing drinking filter Aquaphor Trio Norma Softening
3 099 *
Flow filter BARRIER EXPERT Hardness х2
5 350 *
In-line drinking filter Aquafilter FP3-K1
3 599 *
The designated problem is solved using several large membranes, which are placed in parallel. The set is added:

· Pump for increasing the pressure;

· A flushing device that removes calcium deposits;

· Control electronics, sensors, other functional blocks.

Such a kit costs 12-15 times more than a typical household installation, which is placed under the kitchen sink.

Ultraviolet (UV)
Even in a reverse osmosis system, secondary contamination with viruses and bacteria is not excluded. These impurities are destroyed by ultraviolet radiation, which is formed by a special lamp. The device is installed in a glass casing. The assembled unit is placed in a metal case, equipped with outlets for connection to the pipeline.

UV filter. Kills 99% of bacteria in water

The best circuits against iron
The simplest iron filters (cartridges) are created using Birm or other specialized catalytic filler. A similar material is poured into a large tank to increase productivity and improve processing efficiency. Automation of flushing can be organized using a standard control unit from an ion exchange unit.

An aeration station is used to pre-convert dissolved ferrous iron into a sediment. The compressor supplies air under pressure into the main pipeline or into a special tank. Large particles are captured with a typical mechanical filter. The smallest suspended matter will not pass through the hollow fiber device.

Against stiffness
To reproduce the classic softening scheme, the following components are included in the water treatment system for a private house from a well:

· Preliminary filters;

· Tank with main loading and distribution device;

· Container with sodium salt solution;

· Control and monitoring unit;

· Fine filtration device.

Water purification scheme against hardness

An electromagnetic transducer is also used separately or in a set with a hollow fiber filter. To process a small amount of liquid (180-200 l / day), you can use a typical household reverse osmosis kit.

On the official website of the “DNS” company there are categories of water filters, where you can see the prices for various purification systems and water purifiers.

Which system and water treatment plant is better to buy?
For a private house, water purification from a well is selected by analyzing samples, taking into account additional control data.

Manufacturers of specialized equipment indicate in the accompanying materials:

· Permissible concentration of iron, hardness salts, and other impurities at the inlet;

· Productivity;

· Temperature of the processed liquid;

· Requirements for the place of installation;

· Features of connection and operation.

You should carefully study the official recommendations. The life of the cartridges is determined at a relatively low concentration of impurities. For testing, take a liquid with contamination no worse than the current standards for SanPiN. Therefore, in the real world it may be necessary to install new plug-in units more often. Warranty obligations for ion-exchange loading are canceled if sulfides and other impurities harmful to granules have not been removed beforehand.

Drawing conclusions
Installation of a water treatment system based on ion exchange technology is associated with additional costs. It is required to allocate a room with a sufficiently large area. It is necessary to improve the soundproofing of the room, to bring the sewerage system and other utilities.

During operation it is necessary:

· Keep a supply of tableted salt at home;

· Regularly check the tightness of the connections, the functional state of the individual components of the system;

· Adjust the operating modes, taking into account the level of hardness at the inlet, the consumption of treated water;