An electric oven is much easier to use and safer than a gas oven, but you still need to adhere to certain safety rules during operation. Their observance when handling such equipment will eliminate many troubles and accidents from the user’s life.
General safety rules
The electric oven is one of the most powerful and at the same time dangerous kitchen appliances. Improper installation, connection, or operation may result in electric shock or fire hazard to the occupanSafety precautions:
Restrict the access of children and animals to the electrical appliance. If the child is small, then he can be put in a highchair or playpen; a preventive conversation with the teenager is necessary.
In the case of using a manual oven, you can buy protective caps for the handles.
For touch devices, there is a child protection mode. To turn on the device, you must press a certain sequence of buttons, which is spelled out in the instructions.
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Electronic or mechanical interlocks in some models turn off the equipment after the maximum allowable operating time. It is also recommended to use a lock on the machine door.
Make sure that the oven is switched off after cooking.
Do not leave the oven switched on for a long time unattended.
Turn on the hood and ventilate the room in order to avoid unpleasant and harmful combustion odors.
Do not use as additional space heating.
The rules of GOST R 52161.2.6-2006 “Safety of household and similar electrical appliances” prohibit the use of harsh abrasive cleaners or hard metal scrapers to clean the glass of the oven door, as they can scratch the surface and provoke its breaking into small fragments.
Risk of thermal burns
While the oven is in operation, the outside of the oven can become very hot. Be careful and use potholders – protective mittens or gloves.
Multi-layer glazing doors (double, triple or quadruple) trap heat inside the unit, preventing overheating of the outer surface.
Modern models of electric ovens are equipped with telescopic guides, which make it easy to remove and slide back grills and trays into the chamber, significantly reducing the risk of burns.
It is recommended to approach the open door of a switched-on oven at arm’s length, hot steam can burn.
Do not pour water on the bottom of the hot oven, strong steam may form.
You should not prepare meals containing a large amount of alcoholic beverages. Alcohol vapors can ignite inside the appliance. It is allowed to use high-degree alcohol during preparation only if this ingredient is present in the recipe and in small quantities.
Danger of fire
Do not put flammable objects and liquids inside the unit.
If smoke comes out of the oven, do not open the door. De-energize the appliance by pulling the plug from the socket or using the fuse box .
If extraneous noise comes from the electric oven, a persistent smell of burnt insulation, you should immediately disconnect it from the mains.
Hold the baking paper securely in place , it should not go beyond the crockery. When you open the oven door, air flows. If the paper comes in contact with the heating elements, it may catch fire.
Risk of short circuit
When connecting an electric oven, pay attention to the reliability of the wiring. If it turns out to be dilapidated, then the simultaneous inclusion of both the oven and the burners can provoke a short circuit, overheating, and even a fire in the wiring.
The wiring options must match the power consumption of the instrument.
Pay special attention to the process of connecting the electric oven to the electrical network . Ideal – when the socket is located close to the equipment and the length of the network cable is enough to connect to the network. Otherwise, the power cord needs to be replaced. It is forbidden to use mains filters and extension cords, as they are not intended for continuous operation under voltage at a power of 3–3.5 kW.
Do not mount the socket behind the oven. Place it to the left, right, above, or directly next to the floor.
If a gas supply is located nearby, for example, on a hob, then the socket must be installed at a distance of at least 60 cm from it.
Nuances in the operation of an electric oven
Cookware with shiny elements and metal containers should not be used in microwave ovens, as they are a conductor of electricity and can cause sparks inside the equipment and damage it. For such models, dishes made of ceramics, refractory clay or cast iron are ideal. It is also recommended to use containers made of heat-resistant glass .
When cooking, baking tins and utensils should only be placed on a wire rack or shelf. When placed on the lower part of the appliance, the dishes may deteriorate – the bottom coating will acquire burnouts, or finally become unusable.
An improperly repaired electrical appliance is also dangerous. If necessary, it is better to contact the service center . In order to avoid mistakes when using the electric oven , you must first familiarize yourself with the instructions for the electric appliance.