Accurate calculation is necessary to select reliable equipment, reduce maintenance and operation costs. With the help of a thematic review, you can find out which water purification system is best for a private house and apartment.
Water is life! Why is it important to purify water?
In the human body, water performs many useful and important functions. Its deficiency worsens the condition of the skin and joints, increases the load on the kidneys, disrupts the brain. Water is necessary for effective removal of toxins, thermoregulation through sweating, reproduction of metabolism and other processes.
For the full performance of these and other functions, it is necessary to remove pathogenic bacteria, heavy metals, and other dangerous and harmful impurities from the water. Turbidity, unpleasant odors, tastes are removed by preliminary preparation. This treatment makes the water suitable for drinking, cooking, and performing hygiene procedures.
iron – stains clothes when washed, creates unsightly brown streaks on plumbing.
The best water purification system removes harmful impurities, taking into account a specific purpose. Calcium salts, for example, after transformation into scale, settle on the surface of the heating element of the washing machine. A thick layer of deposits will disrupt normal heat dissipation, so at some point the heater will be damaged.
However, the removal of such impurities makes the water tasteless. Calcium is necessary for the human body to strengthen bone tissue and perform other functions. To restore the qualitative composition of the liquid, water purification systems with mineralization are used.
Rating of the best water purification systems for home and cottage
When determining the list of the best water purification systems for the home, the characteristic features of typical real estate objects in this category were taken into account:
When taking water from a well, you will have to pay attention to the high concentration of organic pollution, industrial and other waste. In the well, the fluid is contaminated with calcium salts and other impurities washed out of the rocks.
Flowing drinking filter Geyser Prestige 8 799 *
Several bathrooms are installed in a large residential property. A large number of permanent residents is expected, a significant increase in the load on the cleaning system of the bath complex during the visits of guests. In such operating conditions, a margin of performance should be made to ensure high-quality filtration at peak loads.
The use of a separate room with good insulation prevents the penetration of process noise into the living area. The necessary engineering communications are brought into this room and a water purifier is installed .
Installations of this category are assembled from standard components. In the catalogs of specialized manufacturers, the following components are selected:columns for loading and performance of working operations with the built-in distributing devices;
Ready-made kits are offered by large companies specializing in the field of water treatment – Geyser, Aquaphor, etc.
Specialized loads reduce the level of rigidity, perform iron removal.
The main advantage of such water filtration systems is high-quality cleaning while maintaining high performance. Aquaphor offers hollow fiber membranes from tubes with a diameter of 1 mm and porous walls with a hole diameter of 0.1 microns. Such a barrier does not let through colloidal iron and the smallest mechanical impurities, Staphylococcus aureus and other large bacteria.
Main hollow fiber membrane filter for fine water purification Aquaris
For more efficient processing, the manufacturer installs a hollow fiber membrane and an activated carbon insert in one unit. A typical module of this type processes up to 180 liters of liquid per day.
A more productive (from 1000 l / h) installation can be found in the Aquaris catalog.
This manufacturer installs membranes with a filtration capacity of 0.01 microns.
An additional advantage is the ability to repeatedly clean the block with a simple flush without compromising performance. The resource of the module is 500 thousand liters of treated water or 4 years of operation.
Sterilizers of this category are presented in branded stores of specialized companies operating in the field of water treatment. The main function is performed by a UV lamp in a transparent protective casing, which is installed in a stainless steel housing. Expensive models are equipped with radiation intensity control devices with indication of current readings on the screen. To maintain efficiency, periodic cleaning of the glass casing from contamination is required. The service life of a typical lamp is 8-10 thousand hours. When consuming 60 W, you can process up to 4 cubic meters. liquid per hour.
Ultraviolet water disinfection system for apartment and house
Exposure to ultraviolet radiation destroys viruses and bacteria without changing the chemical composition of water. The procedure time does not exceed 10 seconds with the correct setting of the operating mode. Reproducing the technology makes it difficult for the liquid to be cloudy. Secondary infection is not ruled out. Spores and other biological objects are resistant to such exposure.
In this category, the leading positions in the market are occupied by the products of NPI Generation. AquaShield devices created by this company have the following advantages:
Electromagnetic (non-chemical) water filter AquaShield
The reliability of the equipment is confirmed by the official 7-year warranty. The electromagnetic transducer blocks the formation of calcium deposits without changing the chemical composition.
TOP of the best water purification systems for an apartment under a sink
To find out which system for washing is better, specify the selection criteria. The installation is selected taking into account the composition of impurities, pressure, required performance.
This option is the best water purification system in the world in terms of filtration level. The quality of processing is comparable to distillation with relatively lower operating costs and fairly simple maintenance.
Major brands of reverse osmosis filters offer basic models with almost the same performance. Aquaphor produces more expensive, but the best water purification systems for the Morion series apartment. Sets of this series provide productivity up to 16 l/hour. The compact pump maintains high pressure in the system even at low pressure in the line – from 0.9 atm. The special design of the tank allows saving up to 9,000 liters of water per year.
In a standard version, sets are produced from cartridges mounted on a common rack. The kit includes a faucet for purified water, connecting pipes, locking devices and other functional components. Which system for washing is better is determined by the results of sample analysis. Manufacturers’ catalogs contain specialized blocks for reducing the level of rigidity, iron removal, and reproduction of other technologies.
Which system is best for drinking water?
The best way to purify drinking water is a reverse osmosis system. It is not able to skip impurities hazardous to health. The removal of useful components is compensated by an additional processing unit, a mineralizer.
The best reverse osmosis water treatment system in terms of performance processes no more than 16 liters of liquid per hour. Cartridges need to be changed regularly. The volume of the largest storage tanks does not exceed 14 liters. The noted shortcomings can be eliminated using a hollow fiber membrane if the size of harmful impurities does not exceed 0.01 microns. This alternative solution will reduce operating costs and simplify maintenance.
Sergey, 38 years old, Nizhny Novgorod: “I used the ion exchange unit for more than five years, until I chose a more effective anti-scale agent – AquaShield. The device connected independently in a few minutes. The equipment performs its functions well without special maintenance and careful monitoring. The minimum costs are explained by the economical consumption of electricity, which does not exceed 3.6 kW per month. It’s a lot cheaper than regular refills of salt tablets.”
Nikolai, 40 years old, Volgograd: “I bought a flow kit of 3 cartridges, but I could not remove the unpleasant aftertaste. I had to install the most inexpensive reverse osmosis unit that I found in the Geyser store at a discounted price. After two years of operation, I can confirm the high quality of cleaning. The only difficulty is the need to regularly install new pre-filter modules.”
Natalia, 29 years old, Obninsk: “We solved the problems at the dacha with the treatment of water from the well after installing the Aquaris hollow fiber filter. This equipment is enough to meet all the needs of our large family (5 people). Removing accumulated impurities by flushing is indeed much cheaper compared to periodically replacing cartridges.”
The best inexpensive water purification system for a cottage can be assembled from functional blocks correctly if you evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of the standard solutions listed in the review in a complex. Instead of a bulky column-type installation for scale protection, a compact AquaShield converter is installed. For main filtration with drinking water quality level, Aquaris hollow fiber membrane is used. A similar scheme can be applied to equip an apartment or other property.
The best water purification system will not be able to perform its functions fully if there are errors at the project preparation stage. To eliminate wrong decisions, use the help of a professional.