Indian state elections: Where do Muslims stand?

Elections to the state assemblies of five provinces in India have been completed. BJP in Goa, Manipur, Uttar Pradesh and Uttar Khand while Aam Aadmi Party candidates in Punjab have surprised everyone.

The Indian state of Uttar Pradesh (UP) has the same place in politics there as the Punjab province in Pakistan, as UP is the largest province in India with a population of over 240 million. The highest number of Muslims in India also resides in UP, which is 20% of the total population of UP, ie around 50 million. It is gratifying that in the 2017 UP state elections where only 24 Muslim candidates were successful, the number of Muslim candidates who have won this time is 36.
Muslims make up 9% of the population in Goa, 14% in Uttarakhand and 2% of the total population of Indian Punjab.
It goes without saying that at the time of independence the non-Muslim population was wiped out through massacres and riots in such a way that the Pakistani Punjab where Sikhs lived in large numbers is nowhere to be found while in every district of Indian Punjab today There are also thousands of Muslim families. While the proportion of Muslims in the total population of Sangrur district of Indian Punjab is 11%, in one tehsil Malirkotla 70% of the population is Muslim. Razia Sultana, a Muslim woman politician from Malir Kotla, has won several state elections on a Congress ticket and has been a part of the Indian Punjab cabinet. This time on the ticket of Aam Aadmi Party, Jamil-ur-Rehman defeated Razia Sultana and won the election from Malir Kotla.

For the first time in Indian Punjab, the Aam Aadmi Party is going to form a government and it has made a new history by winning 92 out of 117 seats. This suggests that the Indian Punjab is indeed changing now. In the state elections of Uttar Khand, this time three Muslim candidates have won the election whereas in the last election two Muslim candidates had won. The two winning candidates Shehzad and Sarwat Karim Ansari belong to Bahujan Samaj Party and one candidate Furqan Ahmed belongs to Congress. Shehzad has defeated his rival BJP candidate Sanjay Gupta while Furqan Ahmed has defeated BJP candidate Manish Kumar by a huge margin.

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In the Indian state of Manipur, where Muslims make up nine percent of the population, three Muslim candidates have also won state elections. Sheikh Noorul Hassan fielded BJP candidate Inderjit Singh on National People’s Party ticket, Janata Dal candidate Muhammad Abdul Nasir fielded BJP Muslim candidate Antas Khan while Muhammad Aqibuddin fielded BJP candidate on Janata Dal platform. He won the election by defeating Badhachandra Singh.

Observers have described the victory of 36 Muslims in Uttar Pradesh’s state elections, where religious hatred is rampant, as “surprising and encouraging”. In the last few years, Yogi Adityanath, the BJP’s past and future chief ministerial candidate in the state, has promoted politics on religious grounds, much to the chagrin of Muslims in UP. All the winning Muslim candidates from UP belong to Akhilesh Yadav’s Samajwadi Party. According to the Research Institute for Social Sciences CSD, in this election 54% of Hindus have voted for BJP while 79% of Muslims have voted for Bahujan Samaj Party candidates.

In the past, the Muslim vote was divided among different political parties, but this time the BJP’s hate politics has brought Muslims together on one platform. The happy change is that this time many Hindu voters have also voted for Muslim candidates in UP. In the 2017 elections, the BJP did not field a single Muslim candidate, but this time the BJP fielded several Muslim candidates, but perhaps Muslims do not like the BJP because of its past behavior and they Helped the Samajwadi Party candidates win.

UP is considered an important and decisive constituency in terms of its area and population, with 403 seats in the State Assembly, 80 in the Lok Sabha and more than 150 million voters. Considered. In view of this importance, Prime Minister Narendra Modi visited UP a dozen times on election days. In the 2017 elections, where the BJP had won 325 seats, this time it has won 255 seats. Which means the BJP’s popularity is now cracking. The Samajwadi Party, which had won 47 seats in UP in the 2017 elections, has now won 111 seats. However, Asaduddin Owaisi’s party Majlis-e-Wahdat-e-Muslimeen has not won a single seat in UP. Another interesting fact is that even in Deoband where 70% of the population is Muslim, the BJP’s Hindu candidate has won. This

Although Indian Muslims have not been able to regain their past status in Hindu society since the partition, they are still the largest minority in India, with a total population still greater or equal to that of Pakistan, accounting for 15% of India’s total population. That is why most countries in the world, including the Middle East, do not openly acknowledge Pakistan’s position on India at the diplomatic level.

Relations between Pakistan and India have always been marred by negative politics. India is a country with a large Muslim population all over the world with which we have cordial relations. Although Indian Muslims are working there in every sphere of life including politics, but in the context of Pakistan’s relations with India, the Muslims there often face problems. It would have been better if India and Pakistan had become good neighbors like Canada and the United States as per the wishes of Quaid-e-Azam. In the current situation, Indian Muslims have to focus on education, professional development and business, including politics and other fields, to establish a peaceful and progressive Indian identity so that they can achieve a proud place in Indian society. Are