How to use the iron correctly

It would seem that there can be complex and unusual here? But if you have ever melted clothes with an accidental touch of the iron or swore that new folds appear during ironing, then this article is definitely for you.

Ironing temperature
The most important thing to know before turning on the iron is whether your item can be ironed at all. An iron overheated in excess of what is necessary can at least leave stains and burns on the fabric, and as a maximum, it can instantly burn through it. And if you can then at least clean the sole of the iron from the melted fibers, then your favorite thing will no longer be saved. As a rule, the temperature conditions and the possibility of ironing are indicated on the inner tag:

The closest attention in the matter of ironing temperature is given to synthetic fabrics. Do not iron nylon and other polyamide fabrics such as nylon, as they can melt.

Fleece fabrics such as fleece, plush, velvet should be ironed exclusively from the inside out with minimal pressure on the iron. This also includes wool – you do not need to apply all the force, otherwise you can spoil the appearance of the fabric. For severe creases, use steam or moisturizer on the same seamy side.

It is better not to iron terry sheets and towels, as they will lose their trademark softness from high temperatures.

Most things are made up of blended fabrics: rayon + cotton, rayon + polyamide + cotton, and so on. The percentage of added synthetics directly depends on what temperature the fabric can withstand. Therefore, if you do not know exactly what your thing consists of, start ironing from the lowest temperatures and preferably from the inside out. This will minimize the risk of staining and melting.

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How to iron things that should not be ironed
We found out that polyamide fabrics cannot be ironed – how then can they be put in order? In fact, nylon and nylon fabrics practically do not wrinkle. In most cases, it is enough for them to hang in an upright position, and any folds will straighten themselves. If this does not happen or you have no time to wait, such fabrics can be steamed. Even steam from the iron will be enough. It is important to hang the thing on a hanger or stand before this and steam it vertically.


The same applies to the front side of fleecy fabrics (velvet, plush, wool) – you can put them in order with the help of contactless steam.
There are also more tricky ways in case you do not have vertical steaming in the iron. For example, hang a thing in the bathroom by turning on hot water. Or wash it again on a delicate cycle and without spinning. Finally, you can purchase an additional steamer and operate it.Steamer Tefal DT8150 black

Some fabrics cannot be steamed either. For example, silk – stubborn streaks and stains may remain. But silk is light dry ironing through a damp cloth.

What if you have a completely “crossed out iron” and the thing cannot be ironed or steamed? The answer is obvious – nothing. As a rule, this applies to those synthetic fabrics that do not need to be ironed at all. For example, the membrane fabric used in sportswear must not be steamed. At the same time, many of its types should not be ironed at all, others should only be ironed with a warm iron at 60–70 ° C through a thick fabric. But if you take care of the membrane according to the rules – wash on a delicate mode and dry in a straightened horizontal position – then you will not need an iron.

Do not steam clean nylon, polyester and polyurethane. But it is unlikely that you would think of ironing a raincoat, backpack, or camping tent. In clothes, these synthetic fabrics in their pure form are practically not found. You can find them either in the form of impurities, or in sportswear, which, in principle, does not need ironing.

Iron movements
You can remember a simple rule – natural, non-stretch fabrics like cotton and linen can be ironed as you like. Iron any stretch fabrics vertically. For knitted and crocheted products, you can see the direction of the loops and iron in their direction. The most important rule is not to put pressure on the iron or pull the fabric with you. Fabrics made of soft flying knitwear, satin, stretch silk are best ironed as little as possible, and if necessary, only steamed.

In all other cases, the ironing scheme looks like this:The same rule applies to dresses – first the top of the dress, the corset, then the bottom of the skirt. The iron always moves from top to bottom: from the shoulder to the cuffs and from the collar to the bottom. And no chaotic movements that can provoke extra folds.

Shirts are quite another matter. There is a whole philosophy here, hostesses and masters compete in the quality of ironing shirts and pass on this knowledge by inheritance (just kidding). In the classical scheme, the principle of action is strictly opposite: everything starts with cuffs and sleeves, and ends with a back. Save the picture and use it in critical moments:

And what about the iron?
You can read about how to choose the right iron in a separate guide . Here we recall several important points regarding capricious materials and difficult cases:

When ironing, avoid zippers, buttons and other hardware that could damage the sole. Some iron models have hardware grooves to prevent scratching.
The sharper the nose of the iron, the easier it is to “crawl” into difficult places and smooth out small details.
Vertical steaming will help you replace a separate steamer in some cases and deal with fabrics that cannot be ironed. Not all irons have this mode – pay attention when buying.

Steamer Polaris PGS 2230VA whiteIf you have a lot of capricious fabrics in your wardrobe, it is better to purchase a vertical steamer to pair with the iron.
When working with silk, satin and other capricious fabrics, it is especially important that your iron does not leak. If this does happen to him, drain the water from the reservoir so as not to spoil the fabric with an accidental drop.
The quality of the sole directly affects the quality of ironing. Moreover, the material as such is a secondary indicator. Cheap irons with stainless steel can ruin a lot of things for you, while high-quality expensive models with the same steel sole will iron gently and efficiently. The more capricious and expensive fabrics you have, the better your iron should be.
To iron bed linen, blankets, blankets and other giant items quickly, you should purchase a steam generator . It has the power of a steam blow and the steam delivery rate is on average twice as high as that of a classic iron. Instead of ironing the duvet cover for a long and tedious time, you can fold it several times, go through the steam generator iron a couple of times and you’re done.