If linoleum is laid correctly, then it will last a very long time and will not lose its appearance. To do this, you need to know all the intricacies of the technological process and strictly follow the simple installation rules.
Length, width, batch number
When calculating the width and length of the roll, the diagonals of the room should be measured. Then you can make the appropriate corrections if the room is not rectangular or there are irregularities in the walls. In any case, you need to buy material with a margin of at least 5 centimeters in width and length. Do not forget to also consider the doorway and pattern alignment, if any.
If you need to cover a large area and use several rolls of flooring, the linoleum should be from the same batch. In this case, adjacent canvases should be placed with a sequential increase in the series number and roll number.
Linoleum strips cannot be placed perpendicular to each other, even if they do not have a pronounced, clearly oriented pattern. Such a reversal will definitely be noticeable as an effect of “different shades”.
Linoleum Tarkett Prestige Dallas 6
[household, duplicated, roll width – 3 m, color – beige]
Preparation of the base
Linoleum should not be laid on a surface that has even minor irregularities. Any protruding particles should be sanded down. Cracks with a width of more than 0.5 mm, as well as potholes and cavities, are puttied flush with the surface.
Floor level differences of more than 2 mm in two running meters are recommended to be leveled with quick-hardening leveling compounds. After dedusting, porous concrete bases are carefully primed to strengthen the cement stone.
The residual moisture content of cement screeds should not exceed 5 percent. And, for example, for dry fiberboard screeds – no more than 12%.
Old wooden floors can be putty and leveled with plywood , gypsum fiber board, OSB or other sheet materials. To do this, it is better to nail / fasten the sheets in two layers with a “checkerboard” binding of the joints. Practice shows that two layers of 6 mm sheets will be much more technologically advanced than one layer of 12 mm thick slabs.
Gypsum fiber board (GVL) KNAUF 2500 х 1200 х 12.5 mm
moisture resistant “H2”
On a tiled floor, linoleum can be laid only after filling the joints and general leveling the surface with a leveling compound. Laying linoleum on old vinyl flooring is prohibited.
When can you start
All “wet” and “dirty” work must be completed before laying the linoleum. Window openings must be filled.
The room temperature should be between 18-25 degrees for at least three days. The relative humidity should not exceed 60 percent.
It is forbidden to work with linoleum at temperatures below 15 degrees on the surface of the base.
Roll acclimatization and storage
In the cold season, linoleum must be brought into a heated room in advance and left there for at least a day. The purchased piece of material should be wound in a roll (ideally on a “spool” with a diameter of 70 mm) with the right side out.
You can store linoleum horizontally, but some models of flooring (in particular, which are called “natural”) manufacturers recommend to put it vertically.
It is forbidden to bend linoleum and fold it in an envelope, as this will most likely lead to the formation of creases.
Linoleum Sinteros DELTA Concord 2 M
[household, foam, roll width – 3 m, color – brown]
Linoleum Tarkett Favorite Azul 2
[household, duplicated, roll width – 3 m]
What tools are needed
1. Preparation : priming roller , moisture meter , vacuum cleaner .
2. Layout : tape measure , laser rangefinder , rule .
3. Cut : a construction knife with a trapezoidal blade, linocat.
4. Bonding : a drill for mixing the glue, notched trowel with blades A1 and A2.
5. Leveling : lapping pad, metal segmented roller weighing 50 or 75 kilograms.
6. Seam sealing : a building hair dryer with an attachment for fusing a PVC cord.
Unrolling, leveling, edge trimming
Linoleum must be rolled out indoors and pre-cut so that the canvas does not rest against walls and other obstacles. In this form, linoleum must be left for at least two days, so that it straightens and stretches under its own weight.
Cutting is carried out along the entire perimeter with a gap from the walls of about 0.5-1 centimeters. For cutting, you can use a regular knife with a trapezoidal blade, or a special linocat cutter.
For reliable fixation of linoleum in residential premises, in the overwhelming majority of cases, it is recommended to use acrylic water-dispersion types of glue.
The blade is partially folded back and using a notched trowel with an A2 or A1 blade, the adhesive is evenly applied to the base. Then the glue is given time to dry (usually from 5 to 10 minutes – see the instructions and control the drying empirically). During this time, the glue mixture loses excess moisture and gains maximum stickiness.
Roll out the folded part of the canvas carefully into place, avoiding “airing”. Linoleum is gradually smoothed with a pressure cork board and rolled with metal rollers. You need to move from the middle to the edges.
Manufacturers advise during installation to periodically check how evenly the adhesive “wets” the base and the floor covering itself. To do this, as the sheet is being laid, raise it a little and see if there are any non-glued areas.
Linoleum Sinteros Delta Madrid 5
[household, foam, roll width – 4 m, color – gray]
Linoleum Tarkett Prestige Texas 3
[household, duplicated, roll width – 3 m, color – brown]
If the width of the roll is not enough to cover the whole room in one piece, then the canvases will have to be joined. This should be done with linoleum trimming through 2 layers. To do this, the canvases are laid with an overlap with overlapping strips about 5 centimeters wide (if necessary, while selecting the pattern).
Then a metal ruler is applied from above and both canvases are cut with a sharp knife at once. After removing the scraps from the top and bottom of the seam, the canvases are glued in a standard way.
Linoleum Texture Avanta Fort 3 Fort 3
[household, duplicated, roll width – 3 m, color – beige]
Linoleum Texture Avanta Granada 3 Granada 3
[household, duplicated, roll width – 3 m, color – gray]
After rolling the glued linoleum with rollers, they begin to process the seam. In this case, you can use a construction hairdryer with an attachment for working with vinyl cords. The seam is cut with a knife and melted with a cord matched to the color of the linoleum. Then the solidified melt is cut in two stages flush with the front surface.
There is also an easier option – cold chemical welding. The seam of linoleum is sealed with masking tape, then the tape is cut and the joint of the canvases is carefully filled with glue. The masking tape is removed.
In rooms with an area of up to 20 square meters, some linoleum manufacturers allow the installation of canvases on double-sided tape instead of glue and a comb.
However, these same manufacturers warn consumers that in this case, the guarantee for the flooring does not apply.
The edges of the linoleum are pressed with plinths or loaded. Sills are installed in doorways. It will be possible to use the floors no earlier than 72 hours after gluing the linoleum.