If you are going to hang the TV on the wall, then you will need to make sure that the wall material is reliable, study the bracket design and prepare the necessary tools.
The first priority is to determine the material of the wall. Any TV model can be hung on a concrete or brick surface . It is recommended to install models weighing up to 15 kilograms on walls made of plasterboard or similar material, but only with the use of special fasteners. If the TV weighs more than 15 kilograms, then you will need to first make a metal profile under the drywall or create a niche.
Types and features of TV brackets
The usability of the TV depends on the bracket used . Standard hanging structures are supplied with some TV models, but they do not always meet the user’s requirements. There are several main types of brackets available:
Fixed. The mount is stationary, it adheres more tightly to the wall and is considered the most reliable, since it does not include moving parts. It is produced in two subspecies – a plate and a plate with two supports.
Inclined. Mounts are similar to fixed ones, but they have adjustable supports in the design, which can be tilted by a certain degree. For most models, the tilt does not exceed 20 °.
Swivel. They have one or two guides with which you can move the TV horizontally.
Combined. They allow you to move the TV left and right, as well as change the angle of inclination.
Remember, hollow brick and drywall walls are not suitable for heavy TV models.
The packaging of modern brackets has guidelines for diagonal and weight limits. You need to focus on the maximum weight that the bracket can withstand. The weight of the TV can be found in the technical documentation or on the Internet. Also make sure the holes on the TV match those on the bracket.
Bracket attachment tool
Once the required bracket is purchased, prepare the mounting tool. This list includes:
Screwdriver (preferably with a ratchet). It will be needed to mount the TV on a bracket.
A hammer drill (for brick and concrete walls) or a drill (for drywall) with a drill.
Hammer for driving dowels.
Fasteners: bolts with dowels, washers.
Pencil, masking tape, level .
The drill diameter must match the diameter of the dowel used. A standard 10×61 dowel and a 6×80 screw can withstand a load of 15 kilograms. Some models of fasteners can withstand up to 28 kilograms.
How to install the TV bracket correctly
The wall-mounted fixed bracket is the closest to the wall, which is why some TVs have a problem with wiring due to insufficient clearance.
If in your TV the connection connectors are located perpendicular to the wall and the wires are bent too much, then you will need to increase the distance. Additional washers will come in handy, with which you can move the TV away from the wall by 1-2 centimeters.
Consider this when buying tilted models of brackets, since due to the network or coaxial cable hanging down below, the TV will not be able to tilt.
Observe the maximum swing angle when installing the swivel wall brackets. Expand the structure to the extreme left and extreme right positions. Make sure the TV is not hitting the wall or other objects. If the bracket does not have wire slots, make sure the hanging cables have free play.
Most pivots use a butterfly bracket. In rare cases, the panel sticks out from the TV or covers the connectors for connection. It is better to check such moments before buying. In rare cases, it is possible to saw off excess parts, but this can reduce the strength of the entire panel.
The most difficult is the installation of ceiling brackets, since the work is carried out literally by weight. It is recommended to first make one hole in the ceiling and then nail in the bolt. Further, turning the “pancake” around its axis, mark the places for the remaining holes. This will save you time on the markup.
You can collect dust with a vacuum cleaner or using a homemade paper drill attachment.
The second caveat is the wiring. Most brackets have a hollow vertical bar within which wires can be stowed. Do this before hanging the TV directly.
To test the strength of the bracket, you can hang a weight commensurate with the weight of the TV itself. Make sure there is no play at all on the vertical bar.
Step-by-step instructions for installing the bracket on concrete and brick
The first stage is choosing a place for installation. Place the bracket against the wall, making sure the level is level with the structure. Next, use a pencil to mark the places where you want to drill the holes.
Fixed fixed, tilt and combination brackets with plate can have more than four bolt holes. Four fasteners in the corners are required, but in addition you can install a fifth in the center from the top.
A common chess combination is with two bolts on the bottom and four on the top.
For supports with a vertical base, two or three bolts are usually sufficient.Ceiling bracket bases have 3 to 8 holes. It is recommended to use each of them.
Then take a hammer drill with the appropriate drill bit and start drilling the holes. Make sure that the drill goes perpendicular to the plane of the wall.
Also, do not move the drill back and forth to remove debris. This will lead to the expansion of the hole, and the dowel may subsequently sit loosely, which will reduce its load capacity.
“To prevent drill debris from falling to the floor, make a paper bag and use paper tape to secure it under the holes.”
Using a hammer, carefully hammer the dowels into the previously drilled holes. Please note that the dowels should not protrude, but they do not need to be driven deep into the wall.
Place the bracket on the dowels and insert the bolts into the holes. Be sure to make sure the bracket is level and horizontal. After that, you can tighten the fasteners with a screwdriver or wrench. The correct tightening technique, as in the case of a car tire, is criss-cross.
Next, you need to install the TV on the bracket. If the technique is light, then you can do it together – one person holds the TV, and the other gets the bolts. For heavy models, it is recommended to detach the connecting parts (a pair of guides or a butterfly element) from the bracket and attach them first, and then hang the entire structure with the TV on the bracket.
A common problem is when complete parts are longer than the bore holes. Sometimes the holes are not on the same plane, which makes installation difficult. The solution in most cases is washers, with the help of which the excess length is compensated.
“The fastener must enter the housing for at least five turns!”
After installation, check the travel of the tilt and swivel mechanism, if provided by the design.
How to fix the bracket to drywall
Loose materials such as drywall and its counterparts have inferior load-bearing capacity compared to concrete, brick and solid wood. To prevent the TV and the bracket from falling off under their own weight, it is necessary to use a special dowel “butterfly”, aka “molly”.
The part has special spikes in the design, which prevent rotation and sagging in drywall sheets. Many users recommend buying an all-metal dowel that can hold up to 35 kilograms. Nylon or plastic parts are not strong enough to withstand heavy loads. Alternatively, for TVs weighing up to 15 kilograms, you can use crocodile dowels or hartmuth fasteners.