The tops of electric hobs are usually made of glass ceramics. Gas and combination hobs are often made from stainless steel, enamelled steel or tempered glass. Over time, any panels become soiled with water boiled over the edge or splashes of grease, which, moreover, can also burn. How to properly clean the hob so as not to spoil the coating and extend the life of the appliance – we understand the details.
Cleaning and maintenance recommendations
Wait until the hob cools down before cleaning the hob . This is necessary not only for operating and safety requirements, but also because the cleaning agent evaporates quickly on a hot surface and simply does not have time to dissolve all the contaminants. Thus, you will have to apply it again and again, increasing the consumption. Moreover, with active evaporation, corrosive substances are released into the air, which, if inhaled, is harmful to health.
Panels with heating elements take longer to cool down than induction panels. To see if the surface has cooled down enough, look at the residual heat indicator.
But there is an exception to this rule. If, during cooking, hot sugar syrup, jam or compote gets on the glass-ceramic hob, turn off the hob immediately and, without waiting for it to cool completely, carefully clean it with a scraper and a napkin before the sugar finally solidifies. Sugar at high temperatures reacts and combines with the panel material at the molecular level. It will be almost impossible to remove such contamination.
Clean the hob the same day you cook food on it. So you will spend much less effort than removing old dirt.
Do not cook on a dirty hotplate. When heated, fats are caked, forming stubborn stains. Moreover, the bottom of the dishes gets dirty too.
Do not cook on a damp surface or in a dish with a damp bottom, otherwise, when heated, the water will quickly evaporate, leaving white traces of limescale. It is possible to get rid of them with the help of table vinegar.Induction hob Samsung NZ64H37070K 21 999 *
Types of pollution
The largest share of all contaminants is the splash of ordinary fat that gets from the pan onto the hob when frying. Of course, the presence of a cover minimizes their number, but does not completely save. Sooner or later, you will still have to remove the lid to prevent or turn the food:
When frying, small drops scatter across the panel, settling even on the touch buttons. And then, from the fingertips, fat particles are imperceptibly carried throughout the kitchen:
But this is a fairly easy-to-remove contamination, if it has not had time to burn. It can even be cleaned with a glass cleaner . It is enough to spray it evenly over the entire surface, wait a few seconds and wipe it with a microfiber or viscose cloth. The remains of the product can be washed off with water.
But it often turns out that there is not always time or desire to immediately clean the hob after use. Therefore, for demonstration on the adjacent burner, covered with small drops of fat, we put a saucepan in which we cook spaghetti:
When turned on, the oil between the burner and the pan will surely burn, turning into an already difficult to remove dirt. In addition, water can quickly “escape” from under the tightly closed lid at a high power setting. This will exacerbate an already complex picture:
After the end of cooking, we get a rather complex contamination:
But there is no need to worry. Even at first glance, such a serious case will not be a problem for modern cleaning products.
Glass ceramic scraper
In case of heavily burnt dirt, a special glass-ceramic scraper must be used for cleaning :
Its wrking surface is a perfectly flat, smooth and sharp metal blade. In some models, it is interchangeable . During operation, the scraper is held at an angle of 30-45 degrees and, with light pressure, is carried over the surface.
If the scraper blade becomes dull and jagged, be sure to replace it with a new one. Otherwise, it will start to scratch the glass ceramics.
Heavily burnt and stubborn dirt should be soaked first for ease of cleaning. To do this, you can moisten a napkin in detergent and put it on the problem area. This will prevent the liquid from spilling out and onto the countertop. After a few minutes, the contamination will soften and can be easily removed with a scraper:
Important! When cleaning heavily burnt dirt, the contact between the blade and the surface must not be dry, otherwise it may lead to micro chips and scratches. Use a small amount of water or detergent.
There are also silicone, rubber and plastic scrapers on sale. But they clean much worse than metal ones.
Many spray cleaning products switch the jet type between foam and spray. This is done either by turning the nozzle or using a special cap. For stubborn dirt, it is better to choose foam – it will adhere well to the dirt and will not drain for a long time.
The product should be sprayed onto contaminated areas, wait a minute and wipe with disposable viscose wipes or a special microfiber cloth:
The remnants of the product must be removed with a damp cloth and then wiped dry. These products tend to give a good shine. But serious old and burnt contamination is beyond their power. Therefore, grease removers are produced especially for glass-ceramic and stainless surfaces.
Grease removers are powerful, chemically active substances. They necessarily include alkali – sodium hydroxide, aka caustic soda, aka NaOH, with a content of 5 to 15%. It is she who easily instantly removes even the most persistent, old and burnt oil and fat dirt:
Using a spray, the agent must be applied to the surface, wait 15-20 seconds, wipe with a damp cloth or a special sponge and rinse with water. In the case of particularly stubborn dirt, it is necessary to repeat the action, increasing the processing time to a minute:
Important! Always wear gloves when using caustic products, as alkali can easily cause chemical burns.
Be careful! Grease removers actively react with aluminum, causing it to whiten. Moreover, they easily wash off paints and destroy enamels. Do not under any circumstances allow them to come into contact with the table top. It is recommended to check the resistance of the surface in a hidden place before use.
Glass and mirror cleaners are suitable for cleaning light dirt, removing streaks and giving a perfect shine to the panel surface.
It is best to set the spray nozzle to spray mode and cover the entire surface of the panel with liquid:
Then wipe with a napkin to completely remove dirt. Due to the alcohols included in the composition, such funds do not leave streaks and evaporate quickly, so that they do not need to be washed off.
On some models that do not have a metal frame, the hob may not fit snugly against the worktop. Because of this, food particles, crumbs and residues of “escaped” liquids can accumulate in the cracks:
Remember to clean the area regularly, for example with a disposable rayon cloth. It is quite thin and, unlike a microfiber cloth, easily reaches the most inaccessible areas. And at the same time, it does not tear like a paper napkin.Electric hob Electrolux EHF96547XK 22 999 *
A melamine sponge is also a good way to clean stubborn dirt without harming the surface. The material of the sponge, which seems soft at first glance, is a porous foam, very hard at the micro level. For dirt, it works like an extremely fine sandpaper, but it is safe for glass ceramics and steel.
The sponge can be cut well with an ordinary kitchen knife:
A small part of it should be slightly moistened with water, and then rubbed over the contaminated area. Small particles of the sponge that may remain on the surface to be cleaned can be easily removed with a damp cloth.
Please note that the melamine sponge should only be used wet. So abrasive dust will not be able to scatter around the kitchen and will not get inside the body.
Stainless steel and enamel finish
Enamel and stainless steel surfaces are found mainly on gas and combined hobs (they have both electric burners and gas burners at the same time).
Such materials are used due to the fact that the combustion temperature of the gas is much higher than the operating temperature of electric heating burners, and even more so induction ones (metal dishes themselves are heated directly on them, which then gives off heat to the panel). Glass-ceramics and tempered glasses are difficult to withstand and, if used, are additionally protected by a metal spacer.
Stainless steel is a truly versatile, resistant and most durable material used in kitchen appliances. Steel is practically not susceptible to oxidation (rusting) and easily tolerates the most chemically active substances found in the kitchen. Even strong impacts and deep scratches do not affect performance. Only the appearance suffers a little. And high temperatures, which can render other materials unusable when overheated, only cause a slight change in the color of the stainless steel – the so-called tarnishing.
Gas hob Hotpoint-Ariston PPH 60G D / IX 19 999 *
You can clean the stainless steel hob with both universal products and grease removers. Creamy products with microcrystals are ideal . They easily remove all dirt and at the same time polish the metal, giving shine:
Enamel coating is a thin glassy layer of special paint on the metal surface, obtained by high-temperature processing.
As a rule, such a coating is poorly resistant to thermal overload. With sharp changes in temperature, chips and microcracks easily appear in the enamel. As a result, moisture and air gain access to the metal base, as a result of which the process of corrosion (rusting) begins. Moreover, the mechanical strength of such paint is also low. She is afraid of both blows and deep scratches. Poor chemical resistance. Avoid using powerful cleaners and grease removers based on alkalis and acids, as enamel can corrode.
Cleaning of enamels with metal sponges and coarse abrasive substances is prohibited. Because of them, the surface can become dull, and subsequently it will be easier for dirt to penetrate into the structure.
For cleaning, it is better to use universal products and special cleaners for enamel coatings. Remember the main rule – the enameled surfaces must be washed immediately after contamination!
Also on sale for gas stoves there are special protective sheets that will keep your hob in perfect condition for a long time:
What can not be used to clean the hob
It is recommended to use separate microfiber cloths to clean the hobs . If they are used in cleaning for other purposes, over time, the smallest dust particles may remain in the threads, which will play the role of an abrasive.
Do not use a sponge that you regularly use to wash dishes. In the porous structure, particles of fat and food, as well as detergent, accumulate over time. This can leave stubborn streaks and white deposits on the hob.
Metal sponges are also available on the market . But due to their high hardness and abrasiveness, in no case can they be used to clean all types of surfaces:
Of course, the functionality of the device will remain after such aggressive cleaning. But the surface will become rough, and, accordingly, difficult in further care. Moreover, it will simply look ugly.
Also, do not use various cleaning powders or, for example, ordinary soda. Rough crystals can easily leave deep scratches and the appearance of the surface will be hopelessly ruined:
In no case should knives, forks and other sharp objects be used to clean burnt and stubborn dirt, with the exception of special scrapers for glass-ceramic surfaces .