What’s the most important thing about a PC? Someone will say the processor, someone will name the video card, some start assembling with the purchase of an expensive motherboard. However, it is the monitor that is the face of the computer. A lot depends on this black rectangle: eye comfort, correct color reproduction, pleasure while playing and watching movies.
Monitors can be conditionally divided into several classes: budget, “for work and study”, gaming, professional and portable. The choice of display is a way of compromising between picture quality, speed of work and financial capabilities. Today we will look at the main characteristics of monitors and discuss the key points of choice.
It is more correct to start choosing a monitor with the type of matrix, but, as with TVs, users are more concerned with the diagonal, which in extreme cases can reach 55 inches.
19-22 inches – budget office models, often assembled on the basis of a TN matrix. For home use, they are rarely taken. Have the lowest cost.
24 inches is one of the most popular diagonals. It is appreciated for its versatility, a wide range of models and an affordable price. Most of these monitors have Full HD resolution and are built on the basis of IPS or VA.
27 inches is a common option, especially loved by gamers and professionals alike. The optimal resolution is 2K (QHD), but they are more expensive than the basic Full HD models.
29 inches – found only in ultra-wide models, which have become more and more popular lately.
32 inches – the need for upsizing came with 4K (UHD) resolution. This diagonal scales it optimally, and the monitor still fits comfortably on the table. The spread in the cost of such devices is gigantic: from 20 thousand to half a million rubles.
34 inches is the most common diagonal for ultra-wide models with UWQHD resolution (3440×1440). Ideal for full immersion in modern games and movies, especially in curved design.
43 and 49 inches – the so-called Double Full HD and Double 2K-monitors (not to be confused
with ultra-wide), which fully replace two combined displays. Optimal for video editing.
Portable monitors with a diagonal of 15.6 inches go separately . They have a built-in rechargeable battery and are designed for use outside the home and office. They are connected to tablets, smartphones, consoles. The high price for this size is due to its mobility
and excellent technical characteristics.
In terms of aspect ratio, the market has gradually put everything in its place. “Squares” 5: 4 and 4: 3 have retired, and today the television ratio of 16: 9 and the cinematic ratio of 21: 9 “reign” . Fans of 16:10 models should hurry up – every year they are released less and less.
The unexpected takeoff of the 21: 9 aspect ratio can be attributed to several reasons.
Convenience: when performing some tasks (coding, video editing, tables), they have become really irreplaceable.
Perseverance of LG, which strongly promoted them to the market and won the interest of both users and other manufacturers.
Availability. Thanks to the competitive price, they managed to firmly occupy their niche.
Increase the effect of presence in modern games and films.
There is also a fly in the ointment – old games and movies do not support such a ratio
and come with black stripes on the sides.
Curved matrices have been a fiasco in the television industry, but in monitors such a solution is in demand, providing the maximum visual immersion in games and movies. At least that’s what marketers say. The smaller the radius of curvature, the greater the bend. Typical values are 1500R and 1800R .
However, these screens are not suitable for everyone. For work, for example, with drawings and 3D models, you should not take them due to the noticeable distortion of perspective. Media content looks great on such monitors.
The display cover is glossy and matte . Glossy models have a lot of glare, but have better color rendition. However, today they are rare. Matte screens are more difficult: here you have a semi-glossy, semi-matte, and even nano-textured coating. The problem with such monitors is a possible crystalline effect, the severity of which can only be assessed by a personal inspection of the device being switched on.
The maximum screen resolution is the number of horizontal pixels multiplied
by the number of vertical pixels. The higher the resolution, the clearer the picture and the greater the requirements for your video card.
1920 x 1080 is the most popular resolution with a huge amount of content. Most 24/27-inch monitors come with Full HD resolution. It is in demand among gamers, as it allows you to get high FPS in games without significant investments in a graphics adapter . Resolutions lower than Full HD can be found in budget monitors with TN-matrix.
2560 x 1080 is a widescreen resolution for 29-inch and 34-inch monitors.
2560 x 1440 – transient resolution (2K), popular in the PC environment due to a clearer picture and the ability of modern adapters to produce high FPS on it. Good for photography.
3440 x 1440 is a widescreen resolution for 34-inch monitors. Closer
to 2K than 4K, which has a positive effect on gaming. A good video card (at the level of GTX 1070/2060 Super) will easily “open” such a monitor.
3840 x 2160 – UHD, or 4K. It remains the prerogative of the elite due to the huge requirements for iron, but not for money. This permission is the future.
6016 x 3384 – ahead of the rest of the entire Apple company, which, as always, distinguished itself
and released Pro Display XDR – a monitor with an unprecedented 6K resolution and an incredible cost of almost 400 thousand rubles. The leg, by the way, is sold separately, and for its price you can purchase an excellent 4K monitor with hardware calibration function.
The resolution of “dual” monitors is: 3840 x 1080 , 3840 x 1200 , 5120 x 1440 . By dividing the first number in half, you can easily understand which two monitors this model replaces.
The most important element of any monitor is the matrix. Despite the huge marketing carousel that manufacturers have swirled around us, the real choice today is two options – VA or IPS. For general home use, TN are frankly outdated, and there are only a couple of OLED monitors on the market . Let’s consider the main types of matrices.
TN + film (Twisted Nematic) is the first commercial LCD technology.
Recently, it has only been used in office and gaming PCs. The main disadvantages of such monitors are poor color rendition and small viewing angles. However, there is also a big plus – the fastest pixel response among all types of matrices. That is why seasoned esportsmen often choose TN. They are strongly discouraged for working with color and viewing media content.
VA (Vertical Alignment) is one of two key players in the market. In such matrices, pixel alignment occurs vertically. They block light better and have the highest static contrast ratio of 3000: 1. The price paid for this is reduced viewing angles and reduced response times. The latter explains why VA matrices are less suitable for fast-paced games than others. One of the popular Samsung developments is QLED, a technology that expands the color gamut by using an additional layer of quantum dots in the VA matrix and claims to be gaming capabilities.
IPS (In-Plane Switching) is the most versatile option (especially when you don’t know what you exactly need): the color rendition is good, and the response speed, and viewing angles. Of course, you have to pay for everything – the contrast of such matrices rarely exceeds 1000: 1. In the dark, it will be clearly visible that the black color is frankly gray, a glow effect may appear – the transformation of black into gray with an increase in the viewing angle and a drop in contrast.