It is rare when in summer cottages or garden plots it is possible to peacefully coexist with neighbors. Especially if they or your side constantly carries smoke from burned leaves and branches. Today, many gardeners are already moving from “fire destruction” to recycled waste, and garden shredders often help them in this. Let’s take a little look at what it is, and find out in more detail – what characteristics can affect the choice.
The shredding system dictates the main solutions to the tasks that the user sets for himself: mulching leaves and weeds, shredding small solid garden waste (bushes, small branches), shredding large solid garden waste (large branches, old cuttings, dry logs, etc.) .) Depending on the potential goals, when choosing a garden shredder , you should focus on the following options for the cutting system.
The chisel system is similar in design to the chopper in a hand blender — usually two blades on one rotating disc. There may be four or more blades.
Fine crushing, medium to high noise levels (engine dependent). The most common grinding system.
In this design, one can observe about eight knives and a grinding wheel on the upper level of the cutting system.
Roller system (rollers) – the basis of the design is a shaft, or several shafts consisting of blades. Fine crushing of large and small garden waste, with low noise levels. The most efficient, but at the same time, rare grinding system in household units.
The mlling cutter (wide cutting gear) is not suitable for soft and small waste, but easily handles large branches. Coarse crushing, lowest noise level.
The main plus is ease of repair, maintenance and use. Low cost.
The line is the most primitive construction. The line-based chopping system is only intended for mulching soft waste such as leaves and small weeds.
The turbine type system is a combination of a roller and a knife system. Performs the same tasks as a knife, but an order of magnitude faster. Often more expensive than stabbers.
The noise level in such devices is the highest of those listed.
The presence of a grass catcher is an important point, because when working with models that throw recycling into a chimney, the user must additionally think about the fate of the waste. Here, again, everything depends on the tasks that the gardener sets for himself – if you recycle waste in order to fill something with them on the spot, then there is no point in a grass collector.
If the purpose is to clean waste from the territory, the grass collector will not be superfluous.
Pay attention to the volume of the grass catcher – the larger it is, the more comfortable it will be to work with the shredder. It is also worth focusing on the type of grass catcher, most often these are two types:
The bag is convenient, first of all, because it takes up little space if it is emptied before storage. And even with a half full bag, it will not be difficult to throw it into the shed / closet.
The container also has its advantages – it is easier to remove, it is more durable (it will not tear, catching on any branch or thorny fence, as can happen with a bag).
There is also a minus – a limited unchanged volume.
Gasoline models in the household are becoming less popular, largely due to their operational characteristics. For example, they always have oil and fuel tanks that need to be refilled, check the correct oil-to-fuel ratio, before that, read in the instructions with what oil to fill your animal, etc.
They are noisier than electric models, plus they create exhaust, which can be a problem for people who value the ecology around their home. Gasoline is always more expensive than electric, they can also have a different type of start – manual or electric.
But still, the main plus of a gasoline grinder remains – it is always more powerful and more efficient than an electric one.
Many manufacturers indicate the engine displacement in cm³ in the characteristics, as well as the power in hp. The higher these indicators, the more powerful the unit.
Electric garden shredders, first of all, do not have the same inconveniences associated with operation as gasoline ones. Plugged in – and work. The only nuance in this vein is the length of the cable, but you can always take care of this in advance and purchase an extension cord .
Other advantages of electric models include:
Compactness. They take up less space both in the garage and in the country.
Less noise. An electric motor produces less noise than an internal combustion engine.
Availability. The cost of an electric model is always lower than that of a petrol one.
As already mentioned above – for gasoline engines, the larger the engine volume in cm³, as well as the power in hp, the more efficient the unit. Electric power is measured in watts. In any case – the higher the power indicator, the less problems there will be when processing hard rocks, with large volumes, with frequent work.
Power always dictates performance. What does it mean?
If you have an adjoining plot with one flower bed, removing the remnants of vegetation from which you spend a little time, once a week or a month, you should not pay special attention to the power of the shredder. If you are the owner of a small garden in a country house or estate with a garden plot of more than 20 acres – here, when choosing a shredder, be sure to focus on power indicators.
So, in general terms, the frequency of your chopper work determines how powerful the machine you need.
Another metric that can be attributed to performance is the speed of work. The speed of waste destruction directly depends on the number of revolutions of the shredder dispensed per minute.
The faster the knives rotate, the shafts rotate or the cutter turns, the faster the branches of an apple tree, bush branches or an armful of leaves will pass through the chopper in one minute.
The capacity is also determined by the size of the hole, which allows the object to be lowered into the shredder for processing. Roughly speaking, this is the diameter of the hole in which the waste is placed. The wider it is, the more waste you can put in it at a time. But consider also those factors that affect your safety. If the opening is too wide, your machine should be equipped with a jam guard.
When working with your garden shredder, first read the safety instructions. In it, you will definitely read about the need to work with gloves , and also, most importantly, in goggles or a face shield .
In addition to your face and hands, you may also need ear protection , but the noise level of even the quietest of the grinders can be uncomfortable for you.
Also, do not forget about the observance of technical safety. The use of a special pusher is mandatory when working with small waste. Pay attention to its presence in the kit.
Gasoline garden shredders are recommended for use in large summer cottages, country farms, in small adjoining gardens.
Electric shredders will serve as excellent assistants for amateur gardeners, novice summer residents serving small house plots. Don’t ignore the collection box. Maintenance of electric shredders is always easier, as well as management.
Mowers with a capacity of 2200-3000 W are recommended for medium-frequency work – if you have a summer cottage that you visit only on weekends, during the season. Power above 3000 W is inherent in serious units that fulfill the goals of regular cleaning of garden and summer cottages of at least 20 square meters.
The destruction of branches of domestic trees, broken cuttings and other summer cottage waste of a solid consistency and medium size, it is recommended to carry out on models with shredding based on the cutter system.