Professional photographers have multiple lenses and want more. Novice hobbyists usually get by with one – whale, which was purchased with the camera. At first, standard lenses are completely satisfactory for the owners of the camera. However, there comes a time when basic skills are obtained, the technique is mastered and you need to move forward. In the list of recommended optics for purchase, you can find macro lenses. Is it worth listening to such advice, and in what situations do you need such optics for shooting?
Features and disadvantages of kit lenses
The whale zoom lenses that come with DSLRs are considered versatile optics for beginners. Basically, these are the most budgetary models with interchangeable focus in the line of manufacturers. Before choosing a new lens for replacement or addition, it is necessary to squeeze all the possibilities out of them. The functionality of this optics allows you to acquire basic skills. Its main parameters:
Although the optics of whale zooms are inferior in quality to lenses from professional lenses, they are able to provide normal image quality. The variable focal length makes it easy for novice photographers.
Such a lens will allow you to shoot a landscape with a complex foreground, a portrait, and small objects. That is, optics will allow you to try yourself in different genres and find out in practice what is lacking in order to obtain better quality images.
The main disadvantage of whale zooms is insufficient aperture. Despite the fact that cameras with modern matrices do an excellent job of high ISO values, such a lens will not be able to detail the picture perfectly. An additional problem is “blurring” of the image (noise appears in the photo). Whale optics will not allow you to effectively tear off the portrait from the background or artistically blur the background.
Also, kit lenses leave much to be desired with the build quality and autofocus level. These optics have extremely low protection against dust and moisture, and the slow autofocus makes shooting difficult and prolonged. In addition, the likelihood of an autofocus miss must be taken into account. This mainly happens when shooting at a focal length of 55 mm and an open aperture.
When do you need macro lenses?
One day, kit lenses will no longer suit budding photographers. And this happens long before all the possibilities are squeezed out of them. The pursuit of excellence is irresistible. Especially when it can be achieved with less effort. In some cases, photographers take the next step in their careers with macro lenses . This optics is always on hearing, and the phenomenal quality of the images does not leave indifferent even people who are far from photography.
In order not to be disappointed after the purchase for several photo shoots, it is necessary to scrupulously study the field of application of macro lenses. This optics allows for detailed shooting. Macro lenses are needed for those who decide to photograph small objects on a large scale, jewelry, insects, flowers, birds. They are also used for portraits, photo hunting and even for detailed shooting of large objects, city landscapes.
Macro lenses with different focal lengths are required for each of these tasks. Their optical schemes have been adjusted in such a way that they allow shooting from a certain distance. Moreover, there are models that allow you to take high-quality detailed images at a great distance or magnify objects several times without losing quality.
Which macro lens to choose
The range of macro lenses is constantly growing. To select the right model, you need to have a detailed understanding of the shooting process. You also need to know the distance from which you plan to take pictures. According to this criterion, macro lenses are divided into 2 types:
The starting focusing distance largely depends on the parameters mentioned. It varies from 10 cm to 1.5 meters. That is, at a specific distance, you can provide a shooting scale of 1: 1. However, the specified ratio is not a prerequisite to classify the lens as “macro”. In some cases, the proportion can be as high as 1:10.
Today, the range of these optics from leading manufacturers of photographic equipment includes more than fifty models. In addition to the advantages, the large selection has pitfalls – a beginner can make mistakes when looking for a suitable lens.
For these purposes, it is advisable to choose models with a focal length of 16–60 mm. The exact parameter depends on the distance from which you most often plan to shoot. Sometimes it is difficult for a photographer to fix a technique at a greater distance, so it is recommended to rationally approach the issue of choice.
Shooting portraits, insects, plants
These pictures are best taken with lenses with a focal length of 60–100 mm. Recommended optics provide optimal distance to the subject and allow you to get closer to it without frightening or blocking out the light. The maximum aperture of macro lenses makes it possible to capture excellent portrait images.
Photo with a macro lens
Macro for photography and long distance shooting
Taking pictures of birds, animals and insects from afar is best done with long-focus models. These lenses are also well suited for portraits or landscapes. In addition, telephoto macro lenses can be used for sports photography, for effective close-up of architectural objects. These lenses can be considered versatile, but you need to consider the distance from which you have to photograph. They are not suitable for shooting as close as possible.
Aperture and focal length are the main parameters that you should pay attention to, but far from the only ones. To find the right optics when choosing, it is important to take into account additional features of the lenses:
the possibility of image stabilization;
the presence of an ultrasonic motor for focusing;
compatibility with full-format and crop cameras;
ability to focus to infinity;
change in lens length when focusing;
the ability to use manual and automatic focusing without switching shooting modes on the lens.
Photo wallpaper for whale lens